What is OCD?

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition that is characterized by two main symptoms: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are intrusive, unwanted thoughts that cause anxiety or distress. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or rituals that are performed to alleviate the anxiety caused by the obsessions.

Common obsessions include concerns about cleanliness, symmetry, safety, or religious thoughts. Compulsions can take many forms, such as checking, washing, counting, or organizing. People with OCD often feel a great deal of discomfort when they are unable to carry out their compulsions, which can lead to a significant reduction in their daily functioning.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication such as SSRI are common treatments for OCD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy aims to modify the thoughts and behaviors that sustain the disorder. This treatment involves gradually exposing patients to anxiety-inducing situations to reduce compulsive reactions. Medication can also be helpful in managing symptoms of OCD.